was long the pacesetter in his field. His roots were in R&B and soul-jazz organ combos, but he also fared very well on the infrequent occasions when he played straight-ahead jazz. A highly influential player,
pushed himself with the spontaneity and risk-taking of a masterful jazz musician.
Grover Washington, Jr.'s, father also played saxophone and was his first influence. The younger son started playing music when he was ten, and within two years was working in clubs. He picked up experience touring with the Four Clefs
from 1959-1963 and freelancing during the next two years, before spending a couple years in the Army. He moved to Philadelphia in 1967, becoming closely identified with the city from then on, and worked with several organists, including Charles Earland
and Johnny Hammond Smith
, recording as a sideman for the Prestige label. His biggest break occurred in 1971, when Hank Crawford
could not make it to a recording date for Creed Tasylor's Kudu label; Washington
was picked as his replacement, and the result was Inner City Blues
, a big seller. From then on he became a major name, particularly after recording 1975's Mister Magic
and Feels So Good, and later 1980's Winelight
; the latter included the Bill Withers
hit "Just the Two of Us."
Although some of his recordings since then found him coasting a bit, Washington
usually stretched himself in concert. He developed his own personal voices on soprano, tenor, alto, and even his infrequently-used baritone. Grover Washington Jr.
recorded as a leader for Kudu, Motown, Elektra, and Columbia and made notable guest appearances on dozens of records ranging from pop to straightforward jazz. He died of a sudden heart attack on December 17, 1999 while taping an appearance on CBS television's The Saturday Early Show; Washington
was 56. The posthumous Aria
was issued early the following year.